This one goes back to not very long ago when humankind achieved the feat by the invention of the telephone and communication in the 19th Century which was about to change the whole world. Great inventors like Thomas Edison and Charles Babbage, to name a few helped changing the human footprint that we are going to leave behind and the journey we took from thereon.
That one long-distance call was all it took to realize that communication was going to change our world and bring us together even in different parts of the world. Within the next century, we also achieved first Television, Modern computers, and the internet which moved us further in the race with technology.
The beginning Of Web 1.0
The 1990s was the beginning of the world wide web and presence of an online website, but it was fully composed of static websites and pages which were nothing but just plain HTML pages. Examples of some of the first websites are Acme Laboratories, CERN, World Wide Web Worm. Some of the characteristics of Web 1.0 is as follows:
- Static HTML pages — nothing was dynamic and websites had zero to no styling(only HTML based)
- No database existed — nothing was stored in the database, there was no stack and front-end and back-end technologies or different layers to make it all happen just files and loads of files full of information.
- There existed no search engine to crawl all the webpages and links, but only downloadable files and search FTP sites(Archie Query Form).
- Dial-up internet connection was common in those days.
- Blogging or comments were usually made work using guestbooks system so that it doesn’t bog down the main page with content.
Web 2.0 replaces Web 1.0
In 1999 Web 2.0 was finally at the doorstep and this is when we coined Web 1.0 as the previous version that was going to be replaced by a very much interactive and dynamic form of web. No more static HTML pages and files based web but there was a clear separation of logic by making use of databases(SQL based) and a frontend that access and makes changes to the databases. Web 2.0 brought social media to life and made it possible to create online communities and significantly better user experience on the web.
- No more need of technical knowledge of working of web, anyone was able to access and contribute to the web.
- Dynamic content and interactive system to move to very rich user experience.
- Increased use of emails and online communication versus the telephone lines which displayed the huge participation of users.
- Rise of web services(APIs), Web Apps and other SaaS and creating a collaborative medium.
- Facebook, youtube and other social media platforms came to rise.
- Cloud computing came into existence due to the need for computing services on demand and based on required availability in different parts of the world.
Now on the other side, the positive impact of Web had on our lives:
- It has highly improved our education system and made us clever than previous generations
- Helping us boost business productivity, save and manage money smarter.
- Ability to work from home or remotely.
- Everything at the comfort of your fingertips be it banking, work, or movies.
Web 2.0 is clearly the one that made it possible and gave the technology the shape it is in today but also resulted in a few other challenges that we didn’t anticipate well
- Security and Privacy are now a huge concern in every service we seek because, with the digitalization and rise of the Web, everything we do and use online is captured, observed and used against us. Information is the new crude and the biggest weapon that can be used to control the mass.
- Rise of online shopping and e-commerce services, people are more hooked to Web than ever. Less real-life interaction and more time spent with devices. We are forgetting that the reason we invented devices was to save our time but it actually seems the other way around now.
So with all those concerns and issues in our digital societies, there is a need for a new era of www where all the privacy, security and trust issues are addressed. Which is exactly what Web 3.0 is all about.
Now let's see some of the emerging technologies with Web3.0 which will completely change our future and the way we consume the internet.
- AR & VR
- Machine Learning & AI
- Super-fast connectivity
Tim Berners-Lee has also described Web3.0 as a “Semantic Web” because of the trend it caused by moving away from centralized services to decentralized which is not dependent on just one organization to function. Web 3.0 is supposed to bring a revolution by establishing the following:
- Complete privacy achieved
- Reduced security breaches
- No single organization to control
- Full ownership of your data
Hope this article has helped you learn something and a little bit more about technology :)